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National Parks

Parque Nacional del Teide

Parque Nacional del Teide
Parque Nacional del Teide
Parque Nacional del Teide
Parque Nacional del Teide
Parque Nacional del Teide
Parque Nacional del Teide


The Teide National Park is the best exampleof the high-mountain landscape of the Canary Islands. 

It is a breathtaking setting where you can learn about some of the most spectacular volcanic phenomena in the world, as the formation and collapse of volcanic features are on full display, understandable even to the untrained eye. 

It is a geological paradise, an open-air laboratory, a place full of sacred meaning for the Guanches (the first inhabitants of the Canary Islands) and one of the great icons of the archipelago. With such attributes, it is not surprising that it is the most visited national park in Europe. 

The Teide National Park has fascinated travellers since the 16th century. So much so that some of the great naturalists of the past found in this place the inspiration for their revolutionary theories, such as Humboldt, whose work helped Darwin to develop his theory of evolution and forever change the way we see the world.

  • #Flora
  • #Lagarto
  • #Lava

Recommended time to visit: May-June.


Las Cañadas is a large elliptical structure that was formed in different phases, and its walls contain the oldest materials in the park. 

It is the largest volcanic caldera in Macaronesia; its north wall now lies on the seabed after collapsing approximately 170,000 years ago. 

The most recent theories suggest that it was formed after a great explosion that caused it to collapse and slide into the sea. This depression was later filled by different eruptions that occurred over thousands of years, giving rise to the main structure that stands in the middle of the park, the Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcano, creating a spectacular landscape of overlapping lava flows, volcanic tubes, fumaroles, cones, plugs and tephra deposits of different colours and shapes. 

The last recorded eruptions in the park were those of Siete Fuentes and Fasnia in 1704, and Volcán de Chahorra, better known as Narices del Teide, in 1798. 

You can explore this majestic landscape along its official trails or the main road and an extensive network of viewpoints equipped with information panels providing you with the opportunity to learn all about it.

senderismo Parque Nacional del Teide

Flora and fauna

Most of the park’s plant species are endemic and are only found at these altitudes or were described for the first time in this environment. That is why many bear the name “Teide”, such as Teide violet (Viola cheiranthifolia), alhelí del Teide (Erysimum scoparium), margarita del Teide (Argyranthemum tenerifae) and borriza del Teide (Laphangiumteydeum). 

There are also ancient trees, including a Canary Islands juniper which is the oldest known tree in Europe. 

But the most impressive botanical display is the flowering of the red bugloss, known in Spanish as tajinaste rojo (Echium wildpretii), throughout the month of May, which attracts visitors from all over the world to witness one of the wonders that occur in this extraordinary patch of land in the Atlantic Ocean. 

This explosion of life brings out the park’s insects in droves to feed on the thousands of flowers that make up each of these enormous inflorescences.

Notable among the endemic fauna are the invertebrates, with some 70 species endemic to the park and around 450 species endemic to the Canary Islands. 

The most common reptile is the Tenerife lizard, which you can spot even throughout the caldera. 

Birds are well represented by species such as kestrels, ravens, Berthelot’s pipits, Canary Island chiffchaffs, blue tits, Iberian grey shrikes and the iconic blue chaffinch. 

During the winter you will also be able to see small flocks of ring ouzels, which have their southernmost wintering grounds in the park. 

To observe the native mammals, you will have to wait until nightfall for the five species of bats that flit overhead and feed in these high altitudes: European free-tailed bat, lesser noctule, Savi’s pipistrelle, Madeira pipistrelle, and Canary long-eared bat. 

Diurnal mammals include introduced species such as rabbits and mouflons, which cause significant damage to native plant populations.

Tajinaste Rojo
Tajinaste Rojo

Interesting routes

Senderos Anaga - Chasna

GR 131 Anaga - Chasna

  • Arenas Negras

    PNT 02 Arenas Negras

  • Roques de García

    PNT 03 Roques de García

  • Siete Cañadas

    PNT 04 Siete Cañadas

  • Ramal Portillo Alto

    PNT 04.1 Portillo Alto spur trail

  • Degollada de Guajara

    PNT 05 Degollada de Guajara

  • Montaña de los Tomillos

    PNT 06 Montaña de los Tomillos

  • Montaña Blanca - La Rambleta

    PNT 07 Montaña Blanca - La Rambleta

  • Teide - Pico Viejo - Mirador de Las Narices del Teide

    PNT 09 Teide - Pico Viejo - Mirador de Las Narices del Teide

  • PNT 13.1 Ramal Alto de Sámara

  • Alto de Guamaso

    PNT 14 Alto de Guamaso

  • Alto de Guajara

    PNT 15 Alto de Guajara

  • Sanatorio

    PNT 16 Sanatorio (Sanatorium)

  • PNT 18 Chavao

    PNT 18 Chavao

  • PNT 19 Majua

    PNT 19 Majúa

  • PNT 20 Volcán de Fasnia

    PNT 20 Volcán de Fasnia (Fasnia Volcano)

  • Lomo Hurtado

    PNT 22 Lomo Hurtado

  • Los Regatones Negros

    PNT 23 Los Regatones Negros

  • Portillo Alto

    PNT 24 Portillo Alto

  • Ramal Portillo Alto - PNT-01 - Jardín Botánico El Portillo

    PNT 24.1 Connecting trail Portillo Alto - El Portillo Botanical Garden

  • PNT 26 Ucanca

    PNT 26 Ucanca

  • Montaña Rajada

    PNT 27 Montaña Rajada

  • Chafarí

    PNT 28 Chafarí

  • Ramal de Chafari

    PNT 28.1 Ramal de Chafarí

  • Los Valles

    PNT 30 Los Valles

  • Abeque

    PNT 32 Abeque

  • Montaña Negra

    PNT 33 Montaña Negra

  • Alto de La Fortaleza

    PNT 36 Alto de La Fortaleza

  • Ramal Alto de La Fortaleza

    PNT 36.1 Ramal Alto de La Fortaleza

  • Cerrillar - Carnicería

    PNT 37 Cerrillar - Carnicería

  • Cuevas Negras

    PNT 38 Cuevas Negras

  • Teleférico - Montaña Blanca - Minas de San José

    PNT 39 Teleférico - Montaña Blanca - Minas de San José

  • Llano de Ucanca - Boca Tauce

    PNT 40 Llano de Ucanca - Boca Tauce

  • Barranco de Erques

    PNT 41 Barranco de Erques

  • PR TF 41.1 Derivacion al Portillo - Ruta 0.4.0

    PR TF 41.1 Route 040 - El Portillo spur trail

  • Sendero accesible Jardín Botánico Lineal

    Botanical Garden Linear Accessible Trail

  • Sendero accesible Jardín Botánico Circular

    Botanical Garden Circular Accessible Trail

  • SA PNT 03 Sendero accesible Roques de García

    Roques de García Accessible Trail

  • Sendero accesible Caramujo

    Caramujo Accessible Trail

  • Sendero accesible Alto de Guamaso

    Alto de Guamaso Accessible Trail

  • Anaga - Chasna tramo de la Degollada de Guajara al Parador de las Cañadas

    GR 131.1 Anaga - Chasna section from Degollada de Guajara to Parador de las Cañadas

  • La Fortaleza

    PNT 01 La Fortaleza

  • Sámara

    PNT 13 Sámara

  • Igueque

    PNT 17 Igueque

  • Corral del Niño - Yegua Blanca

    PNT 21 Corral del Niño - Yegua Blanca

  • Recibo Quemado

    PNT 25 Recibo Quemado

  • Degollada del Cedro

    PNT 29 Degollada del Cedro

  • Cumbres de Ucanca

    PNT 31 Cumbres de Ucanca

  • PNT 31.1 Ramal del Lomo Los Pegueros

    PNT 31.1 Lomo Los Pegueros spur trail

  • Ramal Degollada del Sombrero de Chasna

    PNT 31.2 Ramal Degollada del Sombrero de Chasna

  • PNT 34 Montaña Limón

    PNT 34 Montaña Limón

  • PNT 35 Boca Chavao

    PNT 35 Boca Chavao

  • Playa del Socorro - Pico Teide (Ruta 0.4.0)

    PR TF 41 Playa del Socorro - Pico Teide (Route 0.4.0)

  • Guía - Tágara - Boca Tauce

    PR TF 70 Guía - Tágara - Boca Tauce

  • PR TF 70.2 Boca Tauce - Las Fuentes

    PR TF 70.2 Boca Tauce - Las Fuentes

  • PR TF 70.3 Chavao

    PR TF 70.3 Boca Tauce - Chasogo refuge

  • 11.- Pista de Ramón Caminero a Izaña o Pista de Montaña del Limón

    VM 11. Pista de Ramón Caminero to Izaña or Pista de Montaña del Limón

  • 9-. Pista General de Arico

    VM 9. Pista General de Arico

  • Technical information sheet

    Surface area

    18,990.00 ha (9.29% of the island). Peripheral Protection Zone of 7515 ha. Its Area of Socio-economic Influence is made up of 14 municipalities, 12 with land in the national park plus Arico and Güímar, which have land in the aforementioned Peripheral Protection Zone.
    Created by Decree on 22 January 1954.

    Species of interest

    Teide violet (Viola cheiranthifolia), tajinaste rojo (Echium wildpretii), alhelí del Teide (Erysimum scoparium), rosalillo de cumbre (Pterocephaluslasiospermus), Teide white broom or retama (Spartocytisussupranubius), Canary Islands juniper, borriza del Teide (Laphangiumteydeum), Tenerife lizard, blue chaffinch, raven, Berthelot’s pipit, Savi’s pipistrelle, Madeira pipistrelle, Canary long-eared bat.


    volcanic edifice, high mountain scrub, pine forest, lava tubes, fumaroles, juniper stands, malpais, fields of tephra, watercourses.

    Places of interest

    Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcano, las Narices del Teide, Los Roques de García, Guajara, La Fortaleza, Samara, Volcán de Fasnia, Minas de San José, Llano de Ucanca, Los Azulejos, Montaña Mostaza, Los Huevos del Teide.


    To consult permits for use and updated regulations for this Protected Natural Area, visit the official website of the Government of the Canary Islands.

    Parque Nacional del Teide


    • Adeje
    • Fasnia
    • Garachico
    • Granadilla de Abona
    • Guía de Isora
    • Icod de los Vinos
    • La Guancha
    • La Orotava
    • Los Realejos
    • San Juan de la Rambla
    • Santiago del Teide
    • Vilaflor de Chasna

    Places of interest

    These are some of the points of interest you can find along this route.


    Roque de la Grieta

    Rocky summit with very striking vertical cracks (“grietas”) that give it its name.

    Arco Ventana de Igueque

    Arco o Ventana de Igueque (Igueque Arch)

    Natural arch that commands a beautiful panoramic view of Teide.


    Juan Évora Visitor and Tourist Information Centre - Teide National Park

    The house where Juan Évora, the last inhabitant of Las Cañadas del Teide, lived has been...


    Risco de la Fortaleza (crags)

    Striking rusty-brown rock formation that is the only remnant left of the ancient Cañadas Edifice...

    Unique building

    Teide Cable Car

    The base station of the Teide Cable Car has a rest area, cafeteria and buffet restaurant with...

    Era de la Fajana
    Threshing Floor

    Threshing Floor, Fajana de Charagueche

    Curious and interesting old threshing floor on pahoehoe lava.


    La Catedral (The Cathedral)

    Volcanic plug that resembles a great cathedral.